48 Form Tai Chi Chuan Teaching
III. Basic Technical Essentials
l. Bow step: With feet apart, bend the front leg, knee and toes almost on a vertical line, toes straight forward. Straighten the rear leg naturally, toes oblique forward at 45°-60°. Keep both feet on the floor.
2. Empty step: Squat with bent knees, heel and hips forming a vertical line. Tiptoe oblique forward with the foot entirely on the floor. Bend the front leg slightly, ball, heel or entire foot on the floor.
3. Crouch stance: Bend one leg and squat fully, with the foot on the floor, toes slightly outward. Straighten the other leg naturally, close to the ground, foot on the foot and toes inward.
4. Stand on one leg: Stand on one leg, slightly bent. Bend the other leg and raise it in front of the body.
5. Stand with feet apart: Stand with feet apart to shoulder width, parallel to each other, legs straight or bent in the squat position.
6. Cross-legged stance: Cross the legs to squat down, rear knee close to the back of the front knee. Keep the front foot on the floor, tiptoe outward, ball of the rear foot on the floor and toes forward.
7. Semi-horse stance: Keep the front foot straight forward, and the rear foot horizontally outward, two or three feet between them and both feet fully on the floor. Bend both legs, with body weight slightly on the rear leg
8. Toe step: Squat with one leg, foot on the floor. Bend and withdraw the other leg, foot by the inner side of the supporting foot or l0 cm before or behind the foot side, with the ball of the front foot touching the floor.
9. Side bow step: Stand with feet apart to the width of the bow step with toes of both foot forward. Squat with one leg, knee and tiptoe forming a vertical line. Straighten the Other leg.
All stances must be executed naturally and steadily. Combining emptiness and solidness. The hips should be drawn in, and the knees relaxed, buttocks held in and feet inward. The distance between the feet should be neither too big nor too small. Especially when executing the twist step, the feet should not be placed on the same line so that the waist and hips are relaxed, the energy flows, and the body weight is balanced.
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