Training physique

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Flexing fingers

Flex fingers of both hands simultaneously. Flex the thumb of the left hand and the little finger; or flex the index finger of the left hand and ring finger of the right hand. The movements proceed from slow ones to quick ones. After a period of exercise, alternate the left and right hands for more exercises.

Pointing to nose and eyes

The parent holds an extending palm of the child with one hand and pats it with the other hand. The child uses the index finger of the other hand to point to the apex of nose. The other four dingers make a fist. Every time when the parent pat the palm of the child and shouts directions like “nose”, “eye”, “mouth” and “ear”. When the parent shout the direction “nose”, the child will keep his finger still. But the child should follow the parent's directions to point the index finger to the right place quickly the instance the other directions are given. The directions and the finger movement appear almost at the same times. Thus the child may point wrongly. This makes the people around laugh a lot. The game is very helpful to train the child's reactive, judging and emergency meeting abilities.

Rubbing and striking the knees

Extend the left hand with the palm putting on the left knee cap; make a fist with the right hand. After shouting “Begin!”, rub the thigh forward and backward with the left hand, and strike the knee cap upward and downward with the right fist at the same time. At the beginning of the game, the left hand subconsciously changes into the same movement of striking the knee cap as the right hand, or the right hand shifts to the same movement of rubbing the knee as the left hand. After the people gradually get used to the game, his two hands will adapt to their respective movement step by step. At this time, another person may shout “Change!” to ask exerciser to exchange the movements of the left and right hands. At first, this exchange may cause the exerciser to be in a muddle and make other people around laugh merrily.

Developing good habits

Sleeping hygiene

The habit of going to bed and getting up in time should be developed from childhood. The habit of being carried in sleeping should not be cultivated. Teasing and joking with the child is not advisable before the child falls asleep while telling terrifying stories and playing exciting games are not allowable, either.

It is not suitable that the quilt is too heavy, excessively thick and extremely warm. Supination and lateral position are both acceptable while pronation is not advisable. The child should be often helped to change the sleeping posture and the direction of lateral position in case the cranial bone should develop into deformity. The pillow should not be too high.

Physical hygiene

Regular defecation and urination should be trained from about six months after the birth. The habit of washing hands before meals and after defecation and urination should be cultivated from about the age of one. The child should wash the face and feet while the vulva should be also washed in girls. The hair should be regularly washed, the body regularly bathed, the clothes frequently washed and replaced and the nails often trimmed. The child should rinse the month and brush the teeth after meals, but cannot go to sleep with the candy in mouth. At the age of four, the child should develop the ability to take care of himself and the correct postures. The common knowledge of health care should be instructed to prevent caries, myopia, trachoma, deformity of spinal column, tarsoptosis and infectious diseases. The preventive inoculation is regularly and quantitatively done, and the physical examination regularly conducted in order to prevent diseases and enhance immunity.

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