The Theoretical Basis
Spirit as the commander
The cardiac spirit functions as the commander and coordinator of the human body. The wholeness of characteristics, functions, behavior and principles refected in vital activities are all managed, coordinated and unified by spirit. Thus, there exist the measures of putting “cultivation of disposition” and “regulation of the mind” first in life cultivation. These methods of life cultivation with regulation of the mind are also applicable to physical diseases.
Simultaneous cultivation of spirit and physique
This means that people should not only pay attention to conserving their physique, but also to the cultivation of spirit. The two aspects supplement each other and promote mutually to achieve the harmonious and unified development of the body and spirit.
Interdependence of movement and omtionlessness
Movement of Yang and motionlessness of Yin
Viscera belong to Yin, characterized by motionlessness. Functional activities pertain to yang, marked by movement. The coordination of movement with motionlessness of visceral functions of organism completes all the absorption, transportation and transformation of food, the circulation and metabolism of water, the flow of qi and blood, the transportation and excretion of digested stuff, mutual transformation of material and function, etc. Therefore, maintaining proper harmony between movement and motionlessness can make every organ function vigorously. As a result, the ageing and changes of each organ are delayed.
Coordination between movement and motionlessness
Of Chinese experts on life cultivation in successive dynasties, some relatively attached importance to movement, some to tranquility. However, most of them advocated the combination of movement and motionlessness. According to different people and situation, relative emphasis is place on one aspect to gain the effect of simultaneous nourishment of physique and spirit. Life cultivation with concurrent movement and motionlessness, proper adjustment of movement and motionlessness and equal stress on both are the important principles of traditional Chinese Life Cultivation and rehabilitation.
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